Assesment Of, For, As Learning

Salah satu tugas guru, selain merencanakan dan melaksanakan pembelajaran, adalah melakukan evaluasi. Evaluasi dipandang penting untuk melaksanakan kontrol mutu suatu lembaga. Dalam konteks madrasah, evaluasi harus dilaksanakan oleh stakeholder yang punya kepentingan dengan lembaga pendidikan di bawah kementerian Agama tersebut agar dapat menunjukan eksistensi mutunya.

Sebagaimana pembahasan diskusi, hierarki evaluasi diawali oleh pengukuran (measurement) dan penilaian (assesment). Oleh karena itu, penilaian juga menjadi penting dalam membantu mewujudkan kualitas madrasah. Dalam kaitan dengan itu, guru sebagai pemeran utama dalam kelas, harus memiliki kapasitas dan kapabilitas tentang penilaian, baik itu secara teori maupun praktis. Teori dapat dipelajari dari buku-buku, internet, diskusi, dan sebagainya. Adapun dalam tataran praktis bisa didapat dari pengalaman-pengalaman, sharing, dan pelatihan-pelatihan.

Dalam paparan ini saya hanya akan membahas tentang assesment (penilaian) dalam tiga ranah, yaitu assesment of learning, assesment for learning, dan assesment as learning. Pengetahuan teoritis dan praktis tentang ketiga ranah tersebut penting bagi kita sebagai guru, agar dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran dapat berjalan dengan baik termasuk juga feedback yang terjadi dalam proses dan setelah belajar.   Dalam kurikulum 2013, ketiga ranah assesment ini menjadi tolok ukur pembelajaran yang terangkum dalam penilaian otentik. Jadi penilaian otentik mengacu pada ketiga ranah ini. Perbedaaan dengan kurikulum sebelumnya, kurikulum 2013, menekankan assesment as learning lebih dulu, kemudian asesment for learning, dan disusul assesment of learning.

 

  1. Assesment of Learning (AoL)

Merupakan jenis penilaian yang dilaksanakan setelah pembelajaran selesai. Penilaian ini lebih fokus di akhir belajar untuk mengetahui kemampuan siswa setelah mengikuti proses belajar dalam kurun tertentu. Tujuannya mengetahui hasil yang dicapai peserta didik dalam program tertentu dalam wujud status keberhasilan peserta didik pada setiap akhir program pendidikan dan pengajaran. Assesment of learning sering dilakukan oleh satuan pendidik dan pemerintah, misalnya Penilaian Akhir Semester, Peniaian Akhir Tahun, Ujian Madrasah, Ujian Nasional, dan UAMBN. Assesment of learning sering juga disebut sumatif tes. Yaitu, tes hasil belajar untuk mengetahui keberhasilan belajar peserta didik setelah mengikuti program pengajaran tertentu. Hampir semua madrasah melakukan penilaian ini. Penilaian ini tidak berhubungan dengan model ujiannya, baik yang manual, paper test, ataupun yang berbasis komputer.

 

2. Assesmnet for Learning (AfL)

Berbeda dengan AoL, Assesment for Learning (AfL) menitikberaktkan pada penilaian proses. Istilah ini populer pada tahun 1990, menggeser AoL, di mana ketika itu peserta didik terus-menerus diberikan tes dan membagi peserta didik dalam peringkat-peringkat sehingga muncul persaingan nilai akhir pembelajaran dan mengabaikan proses belajar itu sendiri. Istilah AfL kemudian diramaikan untuk menutupi kekurangan penilaian AoL sekaligus melengkapi portofolio siswa. (Education Brief 2, Cambridge International Examination).

Assesment for Learning membantu peserta didik untuk melihat dirinya dan memahami apa yang mereka butuhkan. AfL berfokus pada guru dan pemahaman peserta didik. Contoh mudah dari penilaian ini adalah pemberian kuis setelah belajar satu materi, keaktifan diskusi kelas, tanya jawab, demontrasi, dan sebagainya. Saya biasanya menggunakan soal-soal latihan dan dibahas bersama-sama dengan membagi siswa dalam kelompok belajar setelah mereka mendapat materi pelajaran. AfL juga dapat berfungsi sebagai alat diagnosa, artinya mendeteksi kesulitan belajar siswa. Dari sinilah kemudian guru dapat melakukan perhatian khusus pada siswa yang bersangkutan. Seringkali istilah AfL disamakan dengan penilaian formatif, namun keduanya memiliki perbedaan (Stiggins, 2002; 2005; Black et al., 2003). Penilaian AfL dapat menjadi formatif ketika bukti aktual digunakan untuk mengadaptasi pengajaran untuk memenuhi kebutuhan peserta didik (Black & William, 1998; Black, et al., 2003)

 

3. Assesment as learning (AaL)

Ranah ketiga adalah Assesment as learning. Penilaian ini memfokuskan pada peran peserta didik sebagai konektor kritis antara penilaian dan pembelajaran. Ketika peserta didik aktif, terlibat, dan sebagai penilai yang kritis, memahami informasi, menghubungkannya dengan pengetahuan sebelumnya, dan menggunakannya untuk belajar pengetahuan baru (WNCP, 2006). AaL dapat dikembangkan melalui proses self-assessment, peer-assessment, feedback, dan refleksi diri terhadap kriteria sukses yang telah ditetapkan (Earl, 2003; WNCP, 2006). Beberapa penulis mengungkapkan bahwa AaL dapat dikembangkan melalui proses AfL sehingga proses AfL sudah mencakup proses AaL (Black et al.,2003; 2004).

Penilaian ranah AfL mirip dengan AfL, hanya saja penilaian AfL melibatkan peserta didik dalam penilaian, misalnya penilaian diri dan penilaian antarteman. Jadi peserta didik terlibat dalam memberikan nilai. Jika demikian, maka jelaslah bahwa ketiga ranah assesment sangat cocok dalam penilaian kurikulum 2013. Biasanya penulis melakukan penilaian jenis ini dengan memberikan form khusus untuk seluruh peserta didik dalam satu kelas, dan masing-masing memberikan kesempatan menilai satu sama lain.

Strategies to Beat all the Poker Unfavorable Beats

If you happen to don’t know what a “Bad Beat” is, it is the poker duration for a hand in which everything that appears to be strong or even fantastic cards nevertheless loses. This usually occurs where a footballer bets the clearly stronger hand and their attacker makes a poor call who eventually “hits” and wins.

Just keep your temper low for it won’t do you worth it if you go ballistic. Just remember that poker is a match designed to push your sensations to the limit.

Poker bad defeats are part of today’s game of poker as much as all of us hate to admit the idea. You haven’t been linked to many pots or you will play way far too conservatively if haven’t experience an undesirable beat at the poker bench.

Think yourself as lucky. You didn’t do anything wrong and also you got your poker chips at the right time. If your opponent continues to play any the same thing over and over again, then you will be having your chips back in insufficient time. As the poker icon Lou Krieger said, “It is a sign that you are using against an opponent just who continually take the worst of it, and if you can’t overcome someone who always uses the worst of it, then you definitely can’t beat anyone. inch

Everyone is susceptible to this poor beats, whether you are having fun with online poker or you are some of those who enjoys going to a total casino to play, you may have no excuse but to get over it.

Set your self a short period of time to port your frustration, if you are having fun with online poker, give yourself one minute to shout at the screen, wave your arms or simply whatever you believe that will give you your relief about it. This is not advisable if you are playing in a live poker room, as you shall be kicked out right to all the nearest exit.

Without the help of the fellow players, there even now other options that are open to you on what to deal with bad beats. Hence the next time you visit ones neighbor casino or you can be playing with the most reliable via the internet casino sites, you’ll never feel that bad again.

It is this kind of sense of injustice, that’s needed to be dealt with to be sure that this game does not suffer eventually. So what is the best way to handle this unfortunate scenario from yours? Ideally you want to talk about it with your fellow avid gamers just to get it off your chest, but every holdem poker player has their own experience with the bad beats and definitely don’t want to hear regarding yours.

The feeling of anger and frustration is what a negative beat can be best get out of you. Or much worst, it can send you on the tilt and affect your future hands as you enjoy. How can the player who made a decision to bet all his poker chips at the middle of the kitchen table with just 8 & 2 off-suit still end up walking off with your chips? How could he finish up possibly drawing the only two cards in the deck designed to save him?

Instead, merely push your chair again from the table, sit away a hand or a few, get a drink from the watering hole and just chill. Then make an effort to come back to the table and re-focus. If you are into having fun with online, there’s a site who operates a Poker Bad Beat Jackpot, which at this time whilst writing currently stands at over $600, 000. Like this, if your monster hand will become beaten. The cash that you will win in compensation means that you do not be moaning for a long time.

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Tak Berjudul tapi Penting untuk Pendidik

Nulis lagi. Ya, tidak apa-apa bisanya cuma nulis. Entah tulisan ini merespon apa dan menanggapi siapa. Yang penting nulis, paling tidak untuk pengingat saya sendiri. Kalau bermanfaat diambil, kalau jelek jangan diikuti, kalau tidak bermanfaat ya biarin saja. Mungkin ini penting juga untuk kita, sebagai pimpinan, guru, pendidik, orangtua, dan siapa saja yang mempunyai “power” mendidik.

Sedari dulu saya tertarik dan meresapi satu kaidah dari banyak kaidah yang tertuang dalam kitab “Al-Hikam” karya ulama sufi besar, Ibnu Athoillah Assakandary. Meski kaidah tersebut lebih pada konteks horisontal-vertikal (baca:menuju ketuhanan), saya sering gunakan dan paksakan kaidah ini untuk dibumikan dalam ranah madrasah, dalam kerangka pendidikan, secara khusus perubahan akhlak orang.

“Terkadang Allah swt membukakan pintu hidayah hamba-Nya, melalui jalan maksiatnya”, demikian kira-kira kaidahnya.

Saya akan seret-seret kaidah itu dalam konteks kekinian, karena saya dan kita yakin bahwa ada keterlibatan Allah swt dalam berbagai aspek kehidupan. Ada x faktor, yang tidak kita sadari memengaruhi hingar-bingar kehidupan kita, termasuk dalam mendidik siswa. “Terkadang Allah swt membukakan pintu kesadaran, taubat (hidayah) hamba-Nya, melalui jalan hukuman, sangsi (maksiatnya)”. Mungkin bahasa operasionalnya begini; hukuman kepada siswa bisa jadi jalan kesadarannya, karena ada di antara mereka yang perlu disangsi agar berubah. Karena kita sadar betul bahwa tidak semua kelembutan menghasilkan perubahan signifikan (meski ada juga yang dengan kelembutan seseorang bisa berubah). Oleh karena itu, sejak dulu, ketika saya harus teriak memarahi siswa, ketika saya harus menghukum siswa, ketika saya harus memberi sangsi kepada mereka, saya katakan bahwa mungkin ini bagian dari cara membuka pintu kesadarannya. Bahwa uniknya tiap individu kita paham betul, termasuk paham juga cara untuk mengatasi mereka berbeda-beda.

(to be continue)

You are going to learn the way to write down a fantastic Management Essay Paper

Management Analyze Supplies in a Look

How to get ready Management Essay. A excellent schooling plan could be totally up to date and it’ll have every one of the information that you’re going to be analyzed on. Among the world-wide-web research alternatives is Cisco’s e-learning model which provides you with an entire lots of exploration components and follow exams without charge. You are going to learn the way to make use of the right research strategies to permit you to help you save time, dough and vigor planning for your CMA test.

CMA Certification Examination. Employee instruction packages for any production facility really should go ahead and take instructional backgrounds of trainees into account. Career prospects for CMAs are provided in all industries. Time management is referred to as for in each and every spot. At the same time, it is actually strictly mandatory in IAS.

Management Research Resources in a Look

A Socratic means should being used to guide college students to check with inquiries to obtain their responses. https://studentshare.net/marketing
If you want a video clip over the web pages, we are able to produce a 3-minute online video and incorporate it for a further 350 following the?Nternet site is up. In the event you locate a fabulous advertisement or obtain a specially competent letter around the mail, preserve it right into a file which you’ll refer again to repeatedly.

Management Examine Supplies Will be Pleasurable for everybody

Make a number of you happen to be concerned with function that aids other people otherwise you could very well end up self-centered and and desensitized. It is advisable to fork out top notch time with all your personal pc keyboard and become utilized to having the possibility to specific points to your higher viewers than just the handful of folks that you are socializing with. One other dilemma certainly is the lack of the excellent analysis program for lecturers.

Terrific role-playing starts off which has a fantastic character. Amongst the main areas for the project is gathering the information. Future calendar yr, because it has not been a documented issue, it delayed a further calendar 12 months, and so forth..

You are all on your own and may really need to just take charge of your daily life. Just about the most often encountered choice is strolling. https://studentshare.net/marketing
The listing of careers which can be very likely to get replaced therefore of device mastering in the course of the next twenty five decades handles a large spectrum.

The Management Review Substances Chronicles

Everyone through the undertaking supervisor with the web site foreman needs to be conscious of all hazards at each and every phase within the setting up process. Up coming up, the venture administrators could end a assignment chance evaluation previous to any employee sets foot in the blog and possess a technique to observe any dangers at each period of design, a device which can bear in mind all the dangers and possible dangers. In corporation, the intention of your bulk of tasks will be to generate cash flow.

The Process to Get Finance Independence. You can get not any insider secrets to achievements. Only people who have a very vested fascination with the successes for the endeavor or have a right away impact on the achieving success or failure with the enterprise will need to show up at. Your impulse to accomplish an impressive ambition is big, having said that you might must have the boldness with a view to complete your focus on.

While tutorial triumph is usually affiliated to intellect, I do not think that I’m notably clever. Additionally to providing socialization reference teams also give you a baseline for compliance with team norms which may just be mirrored from the choice of services employed. My purpose was that can help consumers defeat unique obstructions to comprehend their personalized targets.

To place it in a different way, cargo insurance policies is just not merely a list of take-it-or-leave-it routine wordings. Cherish a credit rating score rating Locating low-priced automobile insurance coverage is usually a pipe aspiration of each car operator. The insurance policy supplier can take accountability for estimating rebuilding charges and, as a result, it is always very likely to fulfill the general charges of rebuilding your organization premises.

PELATIHAN PENULISAN SOAL CAT

JAKARTA-Sudah tidak dapat dipungkiri, teknologi menjadi bagian penting dalam membantu kita bertransaksi maupun berkomunikasi. Jika kita cuek dan apatis terhadap perkembangan teknologi maka dipastikan akan tergerus dan aus dalam persaingan. Berbasis komputer dan online adalah satu isu yang hampir di  merebak ke mana-mana. Penerimaan siswa/mahasiswa baru, ujian CPNS, ujian menjadi tenaga kerja, Ujian Nasional adalah contoh seksinya teknologi.

Dalam konteks sekolah, Ujian berbasi CAT bisa menjadi alternatif kemudahan bagi guru dalam mengoreksi dan menganalisis soal. Oleh karena itu, adalah tepat jika MA Al-Azhar Asy-Syarif untuk ke sekian kali mengadakan pelatihan pembuatan soal berbasis CAT ini.

Pelatihan yang diikuti oleh sekitar 20 guru ini terbagi dalam dua sesi. Masing-masing sesi berpeserta 10 orang. Pelaksanaan pelatihan yang berbarengan dengan pelatihan TAMYIZ untuk siswa-siswa ini, dilaksanakan pada tanggal 12 -13 September 2017 dan bertempat di wisma WAMY, Jagakarsa Jakarta Selatan. Pemateri dalam pelatihan tersebut adalah saya sendiri. 🙂

 

Mukoddimah….

Bismillahirohmaanirrahiim…

Alhamdulillah segala puji bagi Allah SWT atas segala karunia yang telah diberikan, atas segala kekuatan dari ketakberdayaan. Sholawat dan salam semoga tetap tercurah kehadirat beliau Rosulullah SAW, kita berharap menjadi bagian dari umatnya, Aamiin.

Saya ini orang biasa, yang berkeinginan menjadi orang yang luar biasa, baik bagi diri saya, keluarga, dan masyarakat. Sejak 2011 saya sudah aktif menjadi blogger, sering mengisi artikel-artikel sendiri, baik tentang Islam, Matematika, maupun Statistika.

Belakangan, blog saya, akhmadmuslik.blogspot.com juga menjadi referensi bagi kaum akademik dalam penyusunan tugas akhir (skripsi). Tentu kejadian ini menjadi penyemangat sekaligus kebanggaan saya untuk tetap menulis dan memberikan manfaat bagi siapapun Anda, pembaca.

Perubahan tempat saya di web ini, hanya sebatas cara agar saya lebih keren sedikit, dengan menggunakan domain berbayar. Perubahan ini juga saya lakukan sendiri, saya disain sendiri. Dan akhir,,jebret,,,jadi nih seperti yang ada di depan Anda.

Oleh karena itu saya memberanikan diri membuka siapapun yang ingin membuat web , bisa menghubungi saya. Xixixi

Sekian…

Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb

Picking Trouble-Free Systems For Students Essay

You can find quite a number of writing styles, subjects and topics that exist; consequently, it can be a challenging task wanting to evaluate a college composition. Per contra, when evaluating, there are certain fundamental requirements the essays need to fulfill. When you are grading one, it is important for you to read particular points, inclusive of grammar, style, content and additionally structure. Additionally, you need to hurry. It is quite easy to read via the college essay and not pay attention to what you are doing; nevertheless in order to evaluate these works properly, you need to read through these very carefully.

Check Your Sources – Ensure that your college essay gets the correct citations and contains the right references. Ensure that the internet is not taken word for word from one of your sources, so that you cannot get penalized for plagiarism. When in doubt, you may always check your references on the Internet, or you can do it manually.

Choose a Concept — You will have more freedom within deciding what you should write about, if ever the instructor has not assigned a notion. When you are selecting a subject, it is very important that you choose one that is applicable to the course that you need to write the college essay for, and you should also ensure that it reveals some of the strong points you’ve got discussed in your class. You may use examples as guides to help you write the perfect essay.

At this point you should not look over anything specific; rather, it’s best to just get a feel with what is being conveyed with the essay, and whether or not it is being down in a persuasive manner. Look at college dissertation samples, so that you get a truly feel of other writers’ composing strength. Read Through Your Dissertation Again – Carefully study your essay a second time and pay close attention to the individual sections (introduction, body and conclusion). Look at college essay instances and see if the grammar style implemented is the same or much like what you have used in your composition.

Each Section of Your Article Should be Attacked One at a Time – By doing this, you will be able to break up your essay into pieces that will be easier to manage. Constantly, your thesis statement must be in your mind when writing ones college essay. Keep in mind that ones own essay should not be persuasive, nevertheless descriptive and informative. Edit and Edit Your Article – The first things that it is best to look for are continuations with the thesis statement and any contradictions that may be present in a essay.

Create an Outline for Your Essay : The introduction, body and conclusion need to be included in the description for your paper. The release must include a short classification of the concept you decided on, any additions you have made with the definition, a thesis proclamation and thorough description with what else will be provided in the essay. The body of one’s college essay must include compare and contrast, definitions and trigger and effect examples, in order that persons reading your composition will be better able to fully understand your concept. The conclusion will need to include a summary of the significant aspects of your essay, and you should also restate your thesis. Access college essay trials to see how others have got created outlines for their works.

You can deal with the grammatical errors when you have produced your last draft. It is always helpful when you allow a few persons to read your college essay and give their feedback. Read Through Your Essay Now that – Read through your dissertation once, and on a separate piece of paper you should jot down any points that stand out to you.

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Significant Criteria In College Essay In The Usa

When you’ve completed your college app essay, it’s always a good idea to get feedback from other people. Nevertheless who those people are, and additionally how you manage their reviews, can often be the difference concerning a good essay and a terrific one. Here are six new ways to manage that feedback, and use it to your greatest advantage.

Ask questions. If you think a particular bit of feedback is actually accurate and valuable, inquire the reader why the affected individual feels that way, what is it inside essay that provoked that opinion? Sometimes a reader will have a feeling about the article (“something is missing, I am not sure what”) that he aren’t able to quite articulate. By inquiring genuine questions, you can typically pinpoint what the issue is, in addition to fix it.

Be sure you are reasonably proud the essay before you exhibit it to anyone. This does not mean that you think it’s wonderful and won’t be open to getting changes. Instead, it means that you will be able to analyze responses from a position of strength, not insecurity, thus making the most of its benefits.

Trust yourself. Followers will sometimes suggest sweeping changes that are good, and not compatible with what you want to say. They often also be coming from a much more adult, rather than a high school student, perspective. Remember that you worked hard to develop an article topic that reflects ones values and personality. While other ideas certainly really exist, this is the one you’ve picked – the one you believe around – and it’s okay to help you stick with it.

Be thorough about whose opinions most people seek, Many people consider themselves accomplished writers or editors and, although their intentions may be good, they merely aren’t. Even worse, they don’t understand what makes a successful college application essay. This won’t cease them from offering a judgment if asked so please, choose wisely. Remember, you cannot assume all opinions are equal. If possible, ask for feedback from families familiar with the application process, teachers or tutors, professional freelance writers, college students who are attending excellent schools, or someone whoever perspective you highly regard. These readers will offer a lot more perceptive, valuable, and ultimately more achievable input about your essay.

Get three opinions per draft. Some may be too few, more than three will still only be confusing. Generally, in the event that all three of your people, or two out two, give you similar feedback, next there is obviously an issue in your essay that needs to be addressed. Get your revisions, further polish the essay, then look for three different readers to help you comment on the next draft. Keep going in this manner until the feedback is actually unanimously positive. That’s any time you’ll know that your composition is almost finished.

People who give suggestions on your college application article are clearly doing you a favor, and it’s important to be appreciative. At the same time, however, keep in mind that your ultimate commitment may be to writing the most effective application composition possible and to do that, you must use that feedback correctly.

Don’t be defensive. Listen carefully to almost everything your reader has to declare, without rushing to defend how come you used that change of phrase or what we really meant in that sentence. Stay objective about job, as if you’re discussing another woman’s essay. This will allow you to unquestionably hear what your visitor is saying and to decide irrespective of whether you agree with it, that is definitely still your prerogative, or even not.

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Selecting Clear-Cut Systems For Students Writing Help

Every single student has encountered the difficulties associated with writing essays. Irrespective of whether used for college applications or even as an academic paper, essays are part of any student’s life. Not everyone contains the skills to write essays quite simply and sometimes they have to use other people to write their documents for them. You don’t have to resort to help hiring someone to create your essay if you can learn also the basic writing skills linked to making essays. Here are some practical tips you can use in writing ones essays.

You have heard of certain students who cram during the last minute and still produce quality essays. Cramming may be employed by some people but it doesn’t necessarily mean it can work for you. Don’t require your chances and start working away at your essay as soon as you can. Aside from finishing the composition on time, working in advance takes off the stress of having to work with consequently little time, which can affect products you can your work. Starting early offers more time to research too.

A great deal of students make the error in judgment of not asking the questions they should be asking. That they assume that if they don’t have an understanding of the professor’s instructions, they will simply clear it the next time or figure the application out on their own. If you have almost any questions, better ask them subsequent to the professor gives the information. Make everything clear prior to beginning working on your paper. Perhaps you may end up researching and authoring the wrong thing just because of some misunderstood instruction.

Your dissertation will be graded not only for accuracy of facts but in addition writing style, spelling, and grammar. Reread your final draft several times before you send in. Use grammar and punctuation checkers that are readily available online. If you know an editor and also someone with exceptional authoring and editing skills, get him read your work. For everybody who is having difficulties in writing essays, do not fret. Most students feel the same troubles. Focus on this pointers above so you will present an easier time creating works that you will be proud of.

Copying someone else’s work can be a serious crime in teachers so you should always take care so that you can cite your references when producing essays or academic press. It is better to quote some other person than taking paragraphs and declare them as your own. Thanks to the internet, it is very possible for professors to check if their students are plagiarizing job. This can get you kicked right out of the university in no time.

Web template you to write your essay in just one single flow without having to constantly check your recommendations and other outside material. You may miss something from time to time, but the majority of your research material ought to be prepared before the writing course of action. You can only form your structure of your essay whenever you already have all the resources you must have.

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